A fixed mindset can be very limiting to an individual and does not encourage life-long learning. As the above image depicts, individuals with a fixed mindset believe that they only have so much potential and that they are born with a certain level of intelligence. They do not stretch their limits and aim to challenge themselves. Those with a fixed mindset are holding themselves back from living up to their true potential.
Conversely, individuals with a growth mindset often challenge themselves and strive for high levels of achievement. They don’t look at obstacles as the end of their path, instead they seek ways around them to challenge themselves to reach their goals. Individuals with a growth mindset don’t see setbacks as failure, instead they turn those setbacks into learning opportunities in order to reach their goals.
It is very apparent from the information shared in the above diagram that as an instructor/employer you would want to encourage both your students/employees to work towards developing a growth mindset. This is a valuable trait to encourage as it will assist individuals in becoming self-directed and self-regulated learners. Coaching is a valuable tool that can be utilized to help your students to develop a growth mindset. A growth mindset can increase internal motivation within your students, grades, and overall achievement in life.
According to Finley (2014) the following are:
Strategies for helping students develop a growth mindset
1. Think about setting achievable micro-goals to encourage students’ consistent, incremental progress. Small wins repeated over time can lead to a growth mindset (and increased confidence!).
2. When students succeed, praise their efforts and strategies as opposed to their intelligence. Praise for intelligence can actually undermine motivation and performance, as children praised for intelligence increasingly view intelligence as a fixed trait; in the face of failure, these children will display less task persistence, less task enjoyment, and overall worse performance.
3. Help students focus on and value the process of learning. Without this emphasis on learning, students will often base self perceptions of intelligence and worth to grades received, promoting a fixed mindset. While grades are important, the value of learning should be prioritized.
4. Design classroom activities that involve cooperative–rather than competitive or individualistic–work. Research suggests that students are more motivated and successful when working in groups. Students feel a sense of responsibility to the group to try their best, and thus will experience the positive feedback loop of effort and success, encouraging the development of a growth mindset.
The above information makes it easy to see why promoting a growth mindset within your students is an effective strategy in helping them not only succeed within your classroom but to rise to their full potential in life. I intend to implement the above mentioned strategies both with my future student and my current employees as I believe we are only limited by the extent of our dreams.
Finley, K. (2014). Four ways to encourage a growth mindset in the classroom. Retrieved from https://www.edsurge.com/news/2014-10-24-4-ways-to-encourage-a-growth-mindset-in-the-classroom/
Meks [screen name]. (2015). Change your mindset, change your life. Change your mindset [image]. Retrieved from http://entrepreneurpsych.com/change-your-mindset-change-your-life/